See Article History Beowulf, heroic poem, the highest achievement of Old English literature and the earliest European vernacular epic.
When Onela was killed, Beowulf settled into ruling his kingdom. Beowulf responds with dignity while putting Unferth in his place. Set in the sixth century in the southwestern part of the contemporary Sweden, the poem begins with a genealogy of the royal dynasty of the Scyldings, or Danes.
Hrothgar's minstrel tells another story at the feast, the story of the Frisian slaughter. He also says that since Grendel fights without weapons, he will, too.
Since that time, however, the manuscript has crumbled further, making these transcripts a prized witness to the text. The dragon bites Beowulf in the neck, and its fiery venom kills him moments after their encounter. Filled with mead, wine, and great food, the entire party retires for what they expect to be the first peaceful night in years.
Tolkien — found the poem and wrote Beowulf : The Monsters and the Critics. Inspired by the challenge, Beowulf sails to Denmark with a small company of men, determined to defeat Grendel.
That is not to say that Beowulf is an optimistic poem.
Crowne have proposed the idea that the poem was passed down from reciter to reciter under the theory of oral-formulaic compositionwhich hypothesises that epic poems were at least to some extent improvised by whoever was reciting them, and only much later written down.
When Beowulf is summoned to the hall, he finds Hrothgar in mourning for his friend Aeschere.