Data path design for readwrite access

The ALU has three control signals, as shown in Table 4. Note that there are two types of state elements e. This is not true, because of the typical requirement of upward compatibility. This technique is preferred, since it substitutes a simple counter for more complex address control logic, which is especially efficient if the microinstructions have little branching.

Data path design in computer architecture pdf

Typically, the sequencer uses an incrementer to choose the next control instruction. Adding the branch datapath to the datapath illustrated in Figure 4. We next discuss how to construct a datapath from a register file and an ALU, among other components. There are two alternative techniques for implementing multicycle datapath control. Main Control Unit. Thus, a microprogram could be implemented similar to the FSC that we developed in Section 4. As a result, it will require different control signals than the single-cycle datapath, as follows: Write Control Signals for the IR and programmer-visible state units Read Control Signal for the memory; and Control Lines for the muxes. The clock determines the order of events within a gate, and defines when signals can be converted to data to be read or written to processor components e.

Similar to branch, the jump instruction requires only one state 9 to complete execution. MIPS has the special feature of a delayed branch, that is, instruction Ib which follows the branch is always fetched, decoded, and prepared for execution.

Since reading of a register-stored value does not change the state of the register, no "safety mechanism" is needed to prevent inadvertent overwriting of stored data, and we need only supply the register number to obtain the data stored in that register.

The read ports can be implemented using two multiplexers, each having log2N control lines, where N is the number of bits in each register of the RF.

i type instruction datapath

For example, the overflow detection circuitry does not cause the ALU operation to be rolled back or restarted.

In contrast, the IR holds an instruction until it is executed multiple clock cycles and therefor requires a write control signal to protect the instruction from being overwritten before its execution has been completed. Implementationally, we assume that all outputs not explicitly asserted are deasserted.

jump instruction datapath

At the very worst, a new compiler or assembler revision might be required, but that is common practice nowadays, and far less expensive than hardware revision.

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Introduction of ALU and Data Path