Organizational theory and designs

The process of goal setting or management by objectives as it is often called involves several steps Luthans, : i The first step in the process is setting general organizational objectives and preparing an action plan.

Weber believed that bureaucracies, staffed by bureaucrats, represented the ideal organizational form. Forces such as researchers, managerial hierarchy and various inputs from within and outside the organization have to be balanced for the smooth functioning of the organization.

Organization theory pdf

Goals are an objective way of assessing performance in the organization. Transferring knowledge quickly and efficiently throughout the organization: Reports, tours, personnel rotation programs, training programs. The process of goal setting or management by objectives as it is often called involves several steps Luthans, : i The first step in the process is setting general organizational objectives and preparing an action plan. As our societies change, so to do the ways in which our organizations operate. The open-systems theory also assumes that all large organizations are comprised of multiple subsystems, each of which receives inputs from other subsystems and turns them into outputs for use by other subsystems. In Weber's idealized organizational structure, responsibilities for workers are clearly defined and behavior is tightly controlled by rules, policies, and procedures. Organizational learning is more than individual learning and arises through the collaboration of individuals in groups and teams of different sizes. There are numerous characteristics of complex learning organizations in both the private and public sectors.

Research has revealed that learning organizations give companies a competitive advantage. The concept of goal setting is now used to increase the performance of the organization as well as the individual through management by objectives.

Recognizing that traditional theory had failed to take into account many environmental influences that impacted the efficiency of organizations, most theorists and researchers embraced an open-systems view of organizations.

These systems are responsible for creating a fertile environment for the business community, but they are also responsible for ensuring—via regulations pertaining to operation and taxation—that the needs of the larger community are addressed.

Classical organizational theory pdf

If individuals and teams are inspired to be inventive then they need to discover alternatives and to take thoughtful risks. To sum up, Learning organizations are characterized by total employee engrossment in a process of collaboratively conducted, collectively accountable change directed towards shared values or principles. Drucker suggested that management by objectives can be useful for managers for effectively managing the future direction of the organization. Published on: Invalid date. Re-grouping and re-linking them is organizational integration Lawrence and Lorsch, This concept of goal setting is now widely used in most organizations. Theory X encompassed the old view of workers, which held that employees preferred to be directed, wanted to avoid responsibility, and cherished financial security above all else. Achieving integration The structure of a research institution needs to be suitably designed to facilitate proper coordination and integration of different specialized units. All opinions are treated similarly and with respect. Lack of proper coordination often causes conflicts in an organization. Personal Mastery: Learning to expand personal capacity to creating the results people most desire, and creating an organizational environment which encourages all its members to develop themselves toward the goals and purposes they choose. Training is one approach of learning organization, but training as a concept is not central to the definition of a learning organization. It also guarantees that any individual can cope rapidly with a changing environment.

Learning about technical things and things about the external environment is greatly valued, as are learning things about it including its organizational processes. There is a definite linkage between goal setting and performance.

organizational theory summary
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Organization Theory and Design : Richard L. Daft :