The aids disease definition history symptoms treatment and how to slow its spread
Human immunodeficiency virus facts
Costs for antiretroviral therapy vary according to geographic location and type of insurance coverage. Sex education reduces risk more The TRIPS provision has also improved developing countries' bargaining power with large pharmaceutical companies, to the point that some countries have been able to secure drugs from the original manufacturers at substantially reduced prices. How can I limit my risk of HIV transmission through sex? If taken consistently, it can lower the risk of contracting HIV. Does male circumcision prevent HIV transmission? Does not breastfeed her baby. Prevention-Care Synergy In addition to the benefits antiretroviral therapy has for the individual being treated Komanduri and others ; Ledergerber and others , it almost certainly has other effects on populations where therapy is widely available. PML can be life-threatening, causing paralysis and cognitive difficulties. Few people were aware of their HIV status until the onset of severe HIV-associated illness, and most did not seek help from the health care system until they were already terminally ill. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as the late s. Side effects and costs Side effects of antiretroviral therapy vary and may include nausea, headache, and dizziness.
How effective are condoms in preventing HIV? Their findings suggest that peer education for sex workers is likely to be highly cost-effective and to entail one-fifth the cost of the next most favorable intervention, blood safety.
To prevent bloodborne transmission of HIV and other diseases, health care workers, emergency personnel, and others who might experience occupational exposure to blood or body fluids are advised to take universal precautions.
Anal sex is more risky than is vaginal sex. You may become infected if you have vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected partner whose blood, semen or vaginal secretions enter your body.
Oil-based lubricants can weaken condoms and cause them to break. Life expectancy statistics are just general guidelines.
Prevention and treatment of aids
What are antiretroviral drugs? For more information, see the topic Care at the End of Life. Talk to their sexual partner s. However, taking certain steps can help prevent the spread of HIV. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. It most often affects blacks or Hispanics. If using lubricant, make sure it's water-based. However, little has been published in relation to developing countries, partly because these programs have not been as widely implemented as hoped. Peer interventions use influential members of a targeted community to disseminate information or teach specific skills. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses.
If it stays undetectable, they can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. As a result, some countries, including Brazil, India, and Thailand, have begun to produce generic versions of antiretroviral drugs to be sold at greatly reduced prices.
If you know that you are infected, you can take precautions to prevent the spread of HIV to others. Steps to avoid spreading HIV If you are infected with HIV, you can greatly lower the risk of spreading the infection to your sex partner by starting treatment when your immune system is still healthy.
Brazil, which has reduced the incidence of HIV and kept HIV prevalence from reaching projected levels, has relied on strong official support for harm reduction as a cornerstone of its national prevention program Mesquita and others But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.
They also cite two other critical contextual factors: the capacity of the health service and the social, economic, and legislative context, including social norms and attitudes about sexual and drug use behaviors and the acceptance of breastfeeding.
Aids full form
If you're pregnant, get medical care right away. Aggressive treatment approaches have reduced the number of cases of wasting syndrome, but it still affects many people with AIDS. These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. In one South African study, primary care clinic and hospital costs accounted for 39 and 18 percent, respectively, of the costs of care in the last year of life, whereas community home-based care accounted for 42 percent Uys and Hensher Beginning in , the Thai government initiated a nationwide more Use intravenous drugs. In people with darker skin, the lesions may look dark brown or black. Cryptococcosis: Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that can infect any part of the body, but most often enters the lungs to trigger pneumonia or the brain to cause swelling. Cryptococcal meningitis is a common central nervous system infection associated with HIV, caused by a fungus found in soil. Treatment of Opportunistic Infections and Secondary Prophylaxis Even as the availability of antiretroviral therapy increases in many developing countries, appropriate diagnosis and management of life-threatening opportunistic infections, including HIV-associated cancers, remain the most important aspects of the care of patients with HIV disease. One of the challenges in initiating antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings is that patients tend to present late in their illness, usually when they have an opportunistic infection that prompts them to seek medical care, or in the case of countries with lax pharmaceutical policy, when they buy anti-retroviral therapy from a private pharmacy. What is AIDS? Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord meninges. However, in a high-prevalence environment where the prior probability is high and resources are scarce, such an approach is almost certainly not cost-effective. Continues treatment during pregnancy.
Steps to help people living with HIV feel their best include: fueling their body with a well-balanced diet exercising regularly avoiding tobacco and other drugs reporting any new symptoms to their healthcare provider right away Focus on their emotional health.
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