The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure 2 essay

Fetal alcohol syndrome abstract

As such, this report is relatively brief. Some Neurological problems are seizure, impaired motor skills, clumsiness, and horrible hand- eye coordination. Drug and Alcohol Dependence ; Neurotoxicology and Teratology —, Kerns and colleagues reported that, although nonretarded adults with FAS found it difficult to memorize word lists on the California Verbal Learning Test CVLT , they had little apparent difficulty in retaining what they learned. A law was put into effect this previous July in Tennessee stating that in the case you took drugs or drank while pregnant, you will be charged as a criminal and will be thrown into jail. FAS has a wide range of effects on the fetus and infant, retarded growth, under developed facial features, slow cognitive development, and many more. The paper covers the screening and treatment for diabetes and what methods are used to prevent it development. The most vulnerable prenatal period is during the stage of embryonic development, which occurs between the third and eighth weeks of pregnancy. They are structural, neurological, and functional. Chapter 9 consists of a brief summary statement and recommendation concerning the integrative nature of FAS diagnosis, surveillance, prevention, and treatment, and how that impacts on research and treatment challenges. However, these terms are frequently used as umbrella terms for maladaptive patterns of alcohol use.

Jacobson, Ph. One of the most frowned upon things that come with drinking in our society is drinking during pregnancy. This finding is consistent with both the report by Coles and colleagues of normal Vineland scores at age 6, when FAS children are frequently characterized as talkative, affectionate, and outgoing, and with the findings by Steinhausen and colleagues that behavior problems which become evident during childhood do not improve as the FAS patient reaches adulthood.

Blume SB. Oxygen and nourishment are thus prevented from entering the developing fetus. Alcohol can affect a human body in many different ways.

Fetal alcohol exposure

The level of alcohol exposure is generally very high and likely found in only a small percentage of women who drink while pregnant. FAS is important because it is a condition caused by human behavior that affects human health and behavior. Introduction: Alcohol is a drug with a depressant effect. The development of nerve cells is also affected by alcohol, which may impact the way the brain develops, and functions. Socioemotional Function Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with increased levels of irritability during infancy Coles et al. Bloss G. That is, the most consistent deficits are in arithmetic Goldschmidt et al. Over the years a lot has become known about the dangers of exposing a fetus to alcohol and how common it really is Caley et al, The brain, face, ears, eyes, bones, kidney, and heart are all affected by alcohol. The paper also contains information regarding In Vitro Fertilization IVF and its benefits for individuals and families. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research , Small palpebral fissure is smaller eye width than normal and thin vermilion is a thinner upper lip. Babies with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome have central nervous system damage. Thus, they appear unusually slender or even malnourished despite an adequate diet.

Neuropsychological comparison of alcohol—exposed children with or without physical features of fetal alcohol syndrome.

Structural abnormalities can be seen such as small head size or abnormal brain structure.

fetal alcohol effects

Thus, their procedural memory was apparently not affected. Another condition is Strabismus. Since the alcohol is consumed in such a developing stage of the fetus, it can potentially cause many different complications in the unborn child.

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Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Child Development