The origins of the cultural revolution

One of these documents, released on May 16, was prepared with Mao's personal supervision, and was particularly damning: [21] Those representatives of the bourgeoisie who have sneaked into the Party, the government, the army, and various spheres of culture are a bunch of counter-revolutionary revisionists.

The conference was heavily laden with Maoist political rhetoric on class struggle, and filled with meticulously-prepared 'indictments' on the recently ousted leaders such as Peng Zhen and Luo Ruiqing.

In October, Mao convened a "Central Work Conference", essentially to convince those in the party leadership who had not yet adopted revolutionary ideology.

The origins of the cultural revolution

The conference, rather than being a joint discussion on policy as per the usual norms of party operations , was essentially a campaign to mobilize the Politburo into endorsing Mao's political agenda. Various historical sites throughout the country were destroyed. Historians believe somewhere between , and two million people lost their lives as a result of the Cultural Revolution. Main article: Great Leap Forward In , after China's first Five-Year Plan , Mao called for "grassroots socialism" in order to accelerate his plans for turning China into a modern industrialized state. How many victims were there? Thanks for watching! But there were precursors in the months and years before that. The number injured exceeded that. Classes were promptly cancelled in Beijing primary and secondary schools, followed by a decision on June 13 to expand the class suspension nationwide. Here is an overview of those tumultuous years: What was the Cultural Revolution? His death from cancer in touched off protests and widespread mourning. One of these documents, released on May 16, was prepared with Mao's personal supervision, and was particularly damning: [21] Those representatives of the bourgeoisie who have sneaked into the Party, the government, the army, and various spheres of culture are a bunch of counter-revolutionary revisionists.

The number of people persecuted is usually estimated in the tens of millions. Members of his high military command were subsequently purged, and Zhou took over greater control of the government. In this spirit, Mao launched the Great Leap Forwardestablished People's Communes in the countryside, and began the mass mobilization of the people into collectives.

effects of the cultural revolution

His anger that they were prepared to adopt "capitalist" methods to rescue the country was sharpened by his belief that Moscow had actually gone capitalist and sold out to the "imperialist" West.

Nearly 1, people lost their lives in Beijing in August and September alone.

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Cultural Revolution